Startling Facts on Falling Down the Stairs you Need to Know

by | May 9, 2024 | Premises Liability, Slip and Fall, Tripping or Falling

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Watch your step before you tread onto a staircase, as you don’t know what surprise it will have for you. This is not just a warning, but something we must always adhere to. Statistics record that falling down the stairs is the second most prominent cause of injuries after motor vehicle accidents in the United States.

How many people die from falling down stairs? The odds of dying from falling down stairs could not be ignored; as data shows in 2020, there were around 2700 deaths in the USA. The death by falling down the stairs statistics warn us to circumspect the steps before we step on.

The NCBI noted that

  • Around 1 million people are getting treated in the emergency room for a fall down the stairs per year.
  • Sprains and strains are the most common injuries, and soft tissue injuries and fractures follow closely.
  • Younger children and older adults sustained more injuries.
  • Head or neck injuries in children and fractures in the elderly.
  • Major body injuries are to the lower extremity, followed by the head or neck.
  • More than 12,000 people lose their precious lives every year.
  • More females are injured than males.
  • More falls occur in homes.

All these stairway accidents statistics prove that one must be extra cautious while on the stairs. This blog tries to analyze the causes and consequences of staircase accidents and the premises liability law that ensures your compensation.

Common causes of falls in staircases

Slip and fall accidents are common in the U.S. due to various reasons. However, only certain causes make it more dangerous and lead to lawsuits.

  • Slithery steps: The steps made of polished tiles or wood themselves would be slithery to careful walkers as well as the jaywalkers. Such steps would not give grip while stepping on them. It could cause detrimental accidents for all.
  • Snow-covered or icy: During the winter season, snow-covered or icy steps pose a great threat to all stair users. Improper maintenance or failure to remove snow or icy sheets from the steps would make them dangerous traps.
  • Liquid spills: Failing to mop off the liquid spills also leads to serious slips and falls.
  • Torn carpets: When using stairway carpets, there are chances for them to be torn after frequent use. The damaged carpets may be slippery or can trip those who step on them.
  • Underlighting: Poor lighting on the stairs is another major reason for the dreadful staircase accidents. High-powered lighting should be installed to avoid mishaps. Some poor-quality LED lamps will take some time to brighten up the area.
  • Improper handrails: Hand railings placed at the wrong heights, loosened handrails, and missing handrails are also reasons for falling on stairs accidents.
  • Uneven or missing steps: Broken or missing steps would be dangerous. The uneven risers and runs would also be misleading and could cause a fall from the stairs. Rotten stair boards could break at any time, leading to accidents.
  • Cluttered stairway: Stairways should be clutter-free. If unwanted stuff is stacked up on the stairs, it will lead to trips and falls.

Building staircases abiding by the codes discussed below and proper maintenance of the stairs would prevent most of the falls. In cases of damaged stairs, the users should be warned.

Building codes to ensure the safety of staircases


The International Residential Code (IRC) is followed when building stairs for residential buildings in the U.S. It decrees that the stair riser can be up to 7.75 inches. The minimum breadth must be 36 inches. The depth of the run should be 10 inches with nosing. Without the nosing, the depth should be 11 inches. The breadth and depth must not differ more than 3/8 of an inch.

The International Building Code (IBC) mandates staircase codes for commercial buildings. The IBC and IRC codes have mild variations. The IBC dictates a 4 to 7-inch height for the riser and an 11-inch depth for the run. The stair tread nosing need not be there if the depth is 11 inches.

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) ordains that all risers and runs should have equal breadth and depth to prevent falls. It also adds that the stair runs should not be thrust forward more than ½ an inch from the riser, and they should not be pointed but curved.

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) stresses that the hand railings should be 30 to 38 inches high from the tread. The top rails must be 42 inches in height.

There may be variations to these codes, depending on the state you are in. If all the buildings are constructed or modified following the dimensions set by IBC, IRC, or ADA, most of the accidents can be avoided.

Common injuries from fall down the stairs

Since we have to ascend and descend many steps during our lifetime, the chances of falling down cannot be eluded. What type of injuries can you suffer from a fall down the stairs? As we have seen in the statistics, falls down the steps can cause minor as well as major injuries. Let’s delve deep into the prominent injuries.

Mild injuries after a fall are:

  • Sprains and Strains: The ligaments and tendons in the arms, legs, or knees undergo tears and stretching due to the fall. In order to protect ourselves, we tend to use our hands while landing. This will lead to sprains on our wrists.
  • Bruises: Bruises to the arms or legs, or especially to the buttocks, cannot be avoided during a fall down the stairs. A bruised back from falling down steps might be an indicator of an underlying injury.
  • Minor abrasions: Hitting against the steps or railings can produce abrasions to the body parts that come into contact with the stairs.
  • Soft tissue injuries: Due to your body hitting many places during the fall, you may feel your body sore after the incident.

Major injuries from falling down the stairs are:

  • Back injuries: Back injuries from falling down stairs can be detrimental enough to make an individual permanently disabled.
  • Head injuries: Head injuries from falls such as concussions and traumatic brain injuries can have many serious effects, starting with symptoms before the recognition of the head injury. Falling headfirst can significantly impact the cervical spine or the brain, and some fatal falls may result in a broken neck. Head lacerations from falling can also be harmful.
  • Neck injuries: Neck injuries are the most common outcome after falling down stairs, and they can lead to serious damage to the body. When an injured person experiences any kind of pain in the neck or back, it may be a sign of a spinal injury that could lead to paralysis. Therefore, it is essential to seek medical attention for proper procedures.
  • Herniated discs: Imagine falling backward downstairs! A hard fall on the top of the steps would make the person roll on the steps and get multiple injuries all over the body. Herniated discs would be one such when the back hits against multiple steps. Severe damage to the spinal cord could even end one’s life in bed forever.
  • Fractures: A terrifying fall could lead to fractures to the hip, arms, or legs. Fractures in the hip would be dangerous, as the hip needs to be in good condition for free movement. Knee injuries can potentially lead to knee replacement surgery too.
  • Dislocations: When the joints on the hands, legs, hips, etc. dislocate during the fall, it results in unmanageable pain.
  • Internal injuries: The fall becomes fatal when it causes internal hemorrhages. A blow to the internal organs could cause damage or bruises to the organs, hemorrhages, or blood clots.
  • Lacerations: Hitting against the broken steps or railing could cause serious lacerations to the body parts.

Can you die from falling down the stairs?

Do you know how many people die falling down stairs? More than 12,000 people meet death every year due to injuries from falls. This itself shows how fatal a fall could be. Simple tripping down stairs or falling off the stairs can rewrite one’s destiny.

Since the fall will be very fast, the speed of impacting your head or back will occur in a fraction of a second. It can turn out to be detrimental, and you may lose your life if you are careless. Sometimes, even minor falls could potentially be fatal. Death can be averted if one is more vigilant and watchful while treading the stairs.

What alarms the need for medical attention

What should I do after I fall down the stairs? Not all falls need medical attention. However, you could have delayed pain after falling down stairs. Once you fall down, due to the adrenaline rush, you may not be aware of soft tissue injuries. Only after the adrenaline levels drop will the pain be felt. If you fell off the stairs or have sore muscles after falling down stairs, never take it for granted. Lower back pain and headaches should not be overlooked.

Getting a comprehensive medical evaluation as soon as possible following a fall will help detect any underlying damage. This will make it easier for you to get the medical help you require. Early documentation of your injuries will strengthen your claim during the litigation. When you neglect your injuries from the outset, the defendant’s insurance has a clear opportunity to cast doubt on your ailments. Delaying treatment will increase the severity of your injuries and may necessitate additional treatment.

Old people often fall down the stairs in multi-story buildings and apartments. Making them stay downstairs ensures their safety. Let’s see when the fall signals the need for medical attention. When you experience the following, never delay getting immediate medical help.

  • A brief or long loss of consciousness
  • Contusion
  • Severe headache
  • Broken bones
  • Unstoppable bleeding
  • Weakness in any body part
  • Confusion
  • No clarity while speaking

Can you claim for falling down stairs?

If you happen to fall down the stairs on someone else’s property, like landowners, commercial buildings, or public entities, you can sue them for your falling down stairs injuries. As the owners of all these properties are responsible for building and maintaining the staircases safe to tread on, they are liable for your suffering.

Who are liable for your injuries?

Depending on the premises where you fell down stairs, the individual, company, or entity that is responsible for your injuries will be held liable.

  • The staircase manufacturing company
  • The designer or the architect
  • The contractor or the builder who constructs the stairs
  • The building owner
  • The people who take care of the maintenance work
  • The insurance companies

Premises liability law

The landowner has the responsibility to keep his premises safe from falls and other injuries to the people who visit them. The homeowner’s liability differs depending on the state. Most states have classified the people who are injured on others’ property as invitees, licensees, and trespassers. The owner has high liability for protecting the invitees, as they are invited by the owner to his property for some business purposes.

The licensees are people licensed to visit private property but not for business purposes. The property owner is obligated to warn the licensee of the dangerous steps or should keep a legible warning sign in a noticeable place. If the owner has warned the licensees beforehand, he will be relieved of his liability.

Trespassers are people who have no legal right to visit a private property. If the unanticipated trespassers are injured, the owner cannot be held liable. He has no responsibility to warn the trespassers other than keeping a signboard of the potential dangers. Most states stress that business owners must ensure the safety of visitors or customers.

Commercial property liability emphasizes that the business owner should always be aware of the possible slip and fall hazards on the stairs on his premises. He is responsible for repairing all the defects in the stairs and making them safe for the users.

The business owners should warn the stair users of the possible danger through a signboard. However, if the sign is illegible or under inadequate lighting, which prevents the board from being clearly noticeable, he can be held liable. If a staircase accident occurs, the property owner, the tenants, or the people who are responsible for the maintenance can be held liable for the injuries caused to the third party.

Insurance to cover the fall down the stairs injuries

  • Private property owner’s Liability insurance covers landowners and landlords from claims against them when a third party gets injured or falls on their property.
  • The homeowner’s or renter’s insurance policy covers when someone falls on your house or your premises.
  • Commercial general liability insurance is necessary for business owners to cover all the injuries that occur to the people who use the commercial property.
  • Workers’ compensation insurance covers the injuries of the employees when they fall. Each company is responsible for providing quality coverage for its employees.

Common queries on staircase accidents

Before winding up, let’s clear some of the common queries about fall down stairs accidents.

How to recover from a fall down the stairs?

  • Never panic. Check if you have any injuries, pain, or bleeding.
  • If you are alone, try to move away from the staircase.
  • If you cannot move after the fall, try to call loudly to attract the attention of other people.
  • If you have a mobile, call your family members or 911 for help.
  • Get medical attention if you feel uncomfortable.

How to prove liability in staircase accidents?

In a premises liability lawsuit, to prove that the property owner was negligent in causing your injuries, you need to substantiate that:

  • The property owner or the employee who maintains the stairs was responsible for your injuries.
  • The property owner was aware of the dangerous condition of the stairs but failed to repair them.
  • The property owner has the responsibility to have knowledge of the defects in the stairs and should have repaired them.

Are you responsible if someone falls down your stairs?

It cannot be answered yes or no, as many factors are involved in deciding the liability. Though you are responsible for keeping your stairs safe for everyone, if a trespasser gets injured, you cannot be held liable. If any of the people you have invited or the licensees get injured, you have to compensate for their injuries.

Can I sue my landlord if I slipped down the stairs?

Falling down a flight of stairs on your landlord’s property and getting injured does not simply qualify you for any compensation. You have to prove that the landlord was negligent in repairing the damaged staircase and caused your injuries.

You can even check if the staircase was built abiding by the staircase codes for the risers and runs or the height of the handrails, which caused your accident. However, remember that you cannot sue him if you fell down from stairs due to your carelessness on a safe staircase.

To sum up,

The dangers of falling are everywhere, and the staircase is not an exception. Be watchful of your every step on the stairs. When you happen to fall on the steps, detect the reason for the fall. If possible, document the defective steps or the clutter that lets you fall in a photo or video.

Even if it is missing a step on the stairs, it could be valuable evidence to prove your cause of injury. Photograph your injuries, if any. Get the statement of any witness. Seek medical attention on time, as even the most common injuries from falling down stairs lead to serious consequences.

A premises liability lawyer will do great wonders when you are injured from a fall down stairs. Evidence of the premises owner’s negligence will boost your claim and help you collect compensation.

Depending on the gravity of your injuries and your degree of negligence, you can seek restitution. High recoupment can be obtained if head or traumatic brain injuries occur. If your carelessness contributed to the fall, your restitution will be reduced. Look before you step onto a stair and stay away from fall injuries.

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